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Home>>National S&T Statistics
China S&T Statistics 2003 (part 1)
2004/3/15

1.Outline of S&T Activities

1-1  National S&T Financing Indicators1997-2002

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D (GERD)100 million yuan

509.2

551.1

678.9

895.7

1042.5

1287.6

As percentage of GDP%

0.64

0.69

0.83

1.01

1.09

1.23

Govt. S&T appropriation100 million yuan

408.9

438.6

543.9

575.6

703.3

816.2

As percentage of total govt. expenditure%

4.4

4.3

4.1

3.6

3.7

3.7

1-2   National R&D personnel indicators1997-2002

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

R&D personnel1000 full-time equivalent (FTEs)

831.2

755.2

821.7

925.4

956.5

1035.1

Scientists and Engineers (S/E)

588.7

485.5

531.1

698.0

742.7

810.5

S/E engaged in R&D per 10000 labor forceFTE

8.3

6.8

6.7

9.8

10.0

10.8

1-3   National S&T output indicators 1997-2002

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Number of patent applicationscase

114208

121989

134239

170682

203573

252631

S&T papers catalogued by SCIISTP and EI *

35311

35003

46188

49678

64526

77395

Exports of high-tech productsUSD 100 million

163.1

202.5

247.0

370.4

464.5

678.6

Share in total exports%

8.9

11.0

12.7

14.9

17.5

20.8

 * SCI--Science Citation Index, ISTP--Index to Scientific and Technical Proceedings, EI--Engineering Index

2.R&D Activities

2-1  National R&D expenditure1997-2002

100 million yuan

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

GERD*

509.2

551.1

678.9

895.7

1042.5

1287.6

R&D annual growth**%

24.9

10.9

20.3**

16.9**

16.4

23.9

GERD/GDP%

0.64

0.69

0.83

1.01

1.09

1.23

*  Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D

**  Calculated by GDP deflator                           Calculated on a comparable basis

2-2  National R&D expenditure by sector of performance and character of work(2002)

Sponsor:Department of International Cooperation Ministry of Science and Technoplogy PRC
Maintenance:China Science & Technology Exchange Center
Technical support:Intergrated Information System Research Center Institute of Automation Chinese Academy of Science